When people think of construction, what usually comes to mind are the large housing subdivisions or office skyscrapers that take over farmland and open space.
But what most people don’t realize is that even the smallest of residential building projects, like adding a porch or room addition to one’s home, involve land development services.
Construction of roads, sidewalks, curbs, and gutters are all examples of land development services. The basic function of land development is to install the infrastructure that will accommodate a new home, building, or subdivision.
Many people have misconceptions about land development projects – for one, they assume that all land developments are large projects. However, the scope of a project is determined by how much infrastructure needs to be installed – and this can be quite large for a new subdivision or commercial site, and still involve the installation of roads and sidewalks.
Land development engineers and planners are trained to design and implement projects that are as safe as possible. When a new subdivision is created, they conduct extensive traffic studies to determine the best location for intersections, making sure that there are no blind curves or hills where accidents might happen.
They also make sure the roads are wide enough to accommodate emergency vehicles, and that the water lines have been installed correctly.
In some cases, a new subdivision or commercial site may need to be annexed into an existing municipality. This is usually done in areas where the city limits are close to the new development but have not reached it yet.
Land development engineers and planners are responsible for working with public officials to expedite the annexation process so that they can begin their project as soon as possible.
When a new subdivision is being built, it’s not just roads and sidewalks that are installed. The site will need to be graded to ensure that the streets are level and that there is enough room for sidewalks, curbs, gutters, and utilities. Utilities like water, sewer, and electricity will need to be installed.
Land development services engineers and planners are responsible for all of the administrative steps required to get water, sewer, and electrical service installed. They will contract with the appropriate utility companies, pay for the installation and then pass on the costs to their client.